1 National Institutes of Health. 2007. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Fact Sheet. Accessed June 28, 2007.

2 Hueston, W., C.M. Bryant. 2005. Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies. J. Food Sci. 70:77-87.

3 CDC. 2007. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CJD Homepage. Accessed June 28, 2007.

4 Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Foundation. 2007. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and other Prion Diseases.  Accessed June 28, 2007.

5 Bell, J.E., J.W. Ironside. 1993. Neuropathology of spongiform encephalopathies in humans. Br. Med. Bull. 49:738-777.

6 Will, R.G., M.P. Alpers, D. Dormont, and L.B. Schonberger. 2004. Infectious and Sporadic Prion Diseases. Page 629 in Prion Biology and Diseases. S.B. Prusiner, ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.

7 Parchi, P., A. Giese, S. Capellari, P. Brown, W. Schulz-Schaeffer, O. Windl, I. Zerr, H. Budka, N. Kopp, P. Piccardo, S. Poser, A. Rojiani, N. Streichemberger, J. Julien, C. Vital, B. Ghetti, P. Gambetti, and H. Kretzschmar. 1999. Classification of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease based on molecular and phenotypic analysis of 300 subjects. Ann. Neurol. 46(2):224-33.

8 National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center. 2007.  Accessed June 28, 2007.

9 Kong, Q., W.K. Surewicz, R.B. Petersen, W. Zou, S.G. Chen, P. Gambetti, P. Parchi, S. Capellari, L. Goldfarb, P. Montagna, E. Lugaresi, P. Piccardo and B. Ghetti. 2004. Inherited Prion Diseases. Page 673 in Prion Biology and Diseases. S.B. Prusiner, ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.

10 Brown P., J.P. Brandel, M. Preese, and T. Sato. 2006. Iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: The waning of an era. Neurol. 67:389-393.

11 Hoshi, K., H. Yoshino, J. Urata, Y. Nakamura, H. Yanagawa, and T. Sato. 2000. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease associated with cardaveric dura mater grafts in Japan. Neurol. 55:718-721.

12 Schonberger, L. (personal communication, Aug. 16, 2007)

13 Gambetti, P., Q. Kong, W. Zou, P. Parchi, and S.G. Chen. 2003. Sporadic and familial CJD: classification and characterisation. Br. Med. Bull. 66:213-239.

14 FDA. 2002. Guidance for Industry: Revised Precautionary Measures to Reduce the Possible Risk of Transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) and New Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (nvCJD) by Blood and Blood Products.

15 WHO. 1999. WHO infection control guidelines for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies: Report of a WHO consultation. Geneva, Switzerland.

16 CJD Insight. 2007. Deanna Simpson, Founder and Director.


Back to Top


Funded by the Beef Checkoff © Copyright 2014. All Rights Reserved.